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Your Gardening Checklist for January



  • Plant bare-root roses, shrubs, hedging, and ornamental trees, weather permitting
  • Take root cuttings of fleshy-rooted perennials like oriental poppies, acanthus, and verbascums
  • Establish new colonies of snowdrops and hellebores by selecting flowering plants
  • Clear away collapsed stems of perennials and compost them
  • Take hardwood cuttings from deciduous shrubs such as forsythia, willow, and viburnum
  • Remove hellebore foliage with black blotches to prevent leaf spot disease spread
  • Place mistletoe berries into apple tree bark to cultivate mistletoe plants
  • Ensure small alpines aren't smothered by fallen debris
  • Deadhead winter pansies and other bedding plants regularly, removing affected foliage
  • Relocate dormant plants to more suitable spots
  • Inspect stored bulbs and tubers for rot and ensure dahlia and canna tubers haven't dried out completely
  • Continue pruning dormant climbing roses


  • Plant snowdrops for a charming winter display


Fruit and Vegetables:

  • Winter-prune apple and pear trees, removing dead, damaged, and congested branches
  • Organize seeds, discarding old packets and making notes for upcoming purchases
  • Plan crop rotation for the year
  • Prune gooseberries and redcurrants, cutting back side shoots
  • Clear and prepare the veg plot, adding compost as you dig over the soil
  • Regularly check stored crops, discarding any showing signs of deterioration
  • Plant bare-root fruit bushes and trees in enriched soil if the ground isn't frozen
  • Ensure netting is secure over brassicas to protect from birds
  • Force an early crop of rhubarb by covering plants
  • Feed spring cabbages to encourage leafy growth
  • If not done earlier, prune about a quarter of old stems from blackcurrants
  • Order seed potatoes, onions, shallots, and garlic bulbs for spring planting

Apple and Pear Trees:

  • Prune side shoots for healthy tree growth


  • Sow winter salads in a greenhouse or sunny windowsill for quick harvests
  • Clean and organize the greenhouse, discarding old materials and debris
  • Encourage early fruiting by moving potted strawberry plants indoors
  • Regularly inspect overwintering plants for pests, taking necessary action
  • Bring potted peaches into the greenhouse to avoid leaf curl disease
  • Plant hippeastrum (amaryllis) in pots for a delightful display
  • Keep the greenhouse frost-free using a thermostatically-controlled electric fan heater
  • Encourage early flowering by moving potted camellias to sheltered areas
  • Take root cuttings of perennials like phlox and Japanese anemones for planting
  • Begin sowing hardy annual seeds in modular trays for early blooms
  • Prepare the greenhouse for spring by improving ventilation, shading, and heating
  • Repot moth orchids after flowering if they've outgrown their pots
  • Ventilate the greenhouse on sunny days to regulate humidity

Garden Maintenance:

  • Top up bird baths daily and melt ice on frosty days
  • Repair fences and treat wooden structures during dry spells
  • Service lawn mowers while not in use
  • Install bird boxes in advance of nesting season
  • Clean and sharpen gardening tools, applying oil to metal parts
  • Apply an all-purpose fertilizer around hedges and shrubs
  • Trim back overgrown climbers like ivy and Virginia creeper before nesting season
  • Provide high-energy food for winter birds
  • Clear paths, patios, and decking of leaves, algae, and moss
  • Dig over borders, removing perennial weed roots
  • Clean and scrub pots and seed trays for upcoming sowing season
  • Clear debris from shed and greenhouse gutters to ensure water butts fill with winter rain
  • Regularly clean bird feeders for hygiene maintenance